UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
  SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017 

 
  OR
   
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
  SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
  For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

 

Commission file number: 000-54586

 

BOSTON THERAPEUTICS, INC.

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   27-0801073
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
     
354 Merrimack Street #4, Lawrence, MA   01843
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

603-935-9799

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

(Former address)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes ☒        No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes ☒        No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller Reporting Company
Emerging growth company    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). 

Yes ☐                No

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class   Outstanding at November 13, 2017
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share   60,437,163 shares

 

1 

 

 

BOSTON THERAPEUTICS, INC.

FORM 10-Q

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements 3
   
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 19
   
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 22
   
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 22
   
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
   
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 23
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 23
   
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 23
   
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 23
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 23
   
Item 5. Other Information 23
   
Item 6. Exhibits 24
   
SIGNATURES 25

 

Except as otherwise required by the context, all references in this report to “we”, “us”, “our”, “BTI” or “Company” refer to the operations of Boston Therapeutics, Inc., a Delaware corporation, formerly called Avanyx Therapeutics, Inc.

 

2 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Condensed Balance Sheets

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2017   2016 
     (Unaudited)      
ASSETS          
Cash and cash equivalents  $296,907   $687,185 
Accounts receivable   873    5,011 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   319,460    82,710 
Inventory, net   41,564    55,116 
Total current assets   658,804    830,022 
           
Property and equipment, net   2,690    1,577 
Intangible assets, net   455,357    503,571 
Goodwill   69,782    69,782 
Total assets  $1,186,633   $1,404,952 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT          
           
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $270,667   $319,474 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   447,603    347,405 
Deferred revenue   112,162    112,162 
Notes payable – related party, current portion   281,532    297,820 
Convertible notes payable, related party, net of discount, current portion   1,268,137     
Convertible notes payable, net of discount, current portion   989,985      
Derivative liability, current portion   798,503     
Total current liabilities   4,168,589    1,076,861 
           
Convertible notes payable, related party, net of discount       754,461 
Convertible notes payable, net of discount       364,619 
Warrant liability   1,474,139    1,093,765 
Derivative liability       1,234,106 
Total liabilities   5,642,728    4,523,812 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 9)        
           
Stockholders’ deficit:          
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized:          
Series A Preferred stock, 150,000 shares authorized, 45,000 and 0 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.   45     
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 49,937,163 and 46,702,836 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.   49,937    46,703 
Additional paid-in capital   15,289,281    15,060,616 
Accumulated deficit   (19,795,358)   (18,226,179)
Total stockholders’ deficit   (4,456,095)   (3,118,860)
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit  $1,186,633   $1,404,952 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

3 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

 

Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

 

   For the Three Months
Ended
   For the nine Months
Ended
 
   September 30,
2017
   September 30,
2016
   September 30,
2017
   September 30,
2016
 
                     
Revenue  $4,400   $11,695   $14,092   $40,283 
Cost of goods sold   17,783    17,233    33,875    41,862 
Gross deficit   (13,383)   (5,538)   (19,783)   (1,579)
                     
Operating expenses:                    
Research and development   17,639    16,071    81,242    57,772 
Sales and marketing   3,301    22,705    17,606    94,219 
General and administrative   260,605    471,944    698,602    798,717 
Total operating expenses   281,545    510,720    797,450    950,708 
                     
Operating loss   (294,928)   (516,258)   (817,233)   (952,287)
                     
Interest expense   (493,829)   (1,176,014)   (1,458,665)   (1,523,026)
Other income (expense)       (1)       (4,010)
Financing cost       (350,000)       (350,000)
Change in fair value of warrant liability   (163,891)       171,184     
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (18,961)   (2,577,655)   535,535    (2,577,655)
Net loss  $(971,609)  $(4,619,928)  $(1,569,179)  $(5,406,978)
                     
Net loss per share- basic and diluted  $(0.02)  $(0.10)  $(0.03)  $(0.13)
Weighted average shares outstanding basic and diluted   48,336,915    45,107,792    47,557,779    42,615,867 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

4 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.
Statement of Stockholders’ (Deficit) (Unaudited)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional Paid-   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   In Capital   (Deficit)   Total 
Balance at December 31, 2016      $    46,702,836   $46,703   $15,060,616   $(18,226,179)  $(3,118,860)
                                    
Conversion of convertible note payable and accrued interest into common stock             1,704,968    1,705    115,770         117,475 
Conversion of accrued interest into common shares             1,507,989    1,508    77,661         79,169 
Conversion of related party accrued interest into common shares             21,370    21    2,116         2,137 
Issuance of Series A Preferred Stock for cash   45,000    45              449,955         450,000 
Reclassification of derivative liability                       (454,154)        (454,154)
Stock based compensation                       37,317         37,317 
Net loss                            (1,569,179)   (1,569,179)
                                    
Balance at September 30, 2017   45,000   $45    49,937,163   $49,937   $15,289,281   $(19,795,358)  $(4,456,095)

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

5 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.        
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)        
         
   For the nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2017   2016 
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(1,569,179)  $(5,406,978)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   50,415    53,093 
Stock-based compensation   37,317    225,877 
Amortization of discount on debt   1,250,980    500,626 
Provision for inventory obsolescence   9,338     
Non-cash interest expense and derivative costs       526,036 
Change in fair value of warrant liability   (171,184)    
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (535,535)   2,577,655 
Stock issuance for financing costs       350,000 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   4,138    (7,608)
Inventory   4,214    9,300 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (236,750)   4,817 
Other assets       3,625 
Accounts payable   (48,807)   180,356 
Accrued expenses   184,377    (30,681)
Net cash used in operating activities   (1,020,676)   (1,013,882)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchase of property and equipment   (3,314)    
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,314)    
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable, related party (net of issuance discounts and fees)   200,000    552,000 
Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes payable (net of issuance discounts and fees)       1,600,000 
Proceeds from the issuance of preferred stock   450,000     
Payment of deferred financing costs       (256,186)
Repayment of notes payable to related party   (16,288)    
Net cash provided by financing activities   633,712    1,895,814 
           
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents   (390,278)   881,932 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   687,185    40,995 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $296,907   $922,927 
           
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Interest  $7,699   $ 
Income taxes  $   $ 
Non-cash financing activities:          
Issuance of common stock in exchange for settlement of outstanding payables  $   $468,889 
Conversion of convertible notes payable plus accrued interest into common stock  $117,475   $ 
Derivative liabilities associated with convertible notes payable and preferred stock  $454,154   $ 
Conversion of accrued interest into common stock  $81,306   $ 


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

6 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

1.           SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Company Overview

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc., headquartered in Lawrence, MA, (OTC: BTHE) is a leader in the field of complex carbohydrate chemistry. The Company’s initial product pipeline is focused on developing and commercializing therapeutic molecules for pre-diabetes and diabetes: BTI-320, a non-systemic, non-toxic, therapeutic investigative material designed to reduce post-meal immediate glucose elevations which according to recent findings, is important in prediabetes and diabetes sugar management. In addition, a formulation of the material, SUGARDOWN®, falls within the regulatory dietary supplement guidelines and is designed to reduce immediate post-meal blood sugar increases “sugar spikes” which can only be significantly controlled by prescription insulin. In its patent portfolio, the Company has considered laboratory proof of concept development of a combination material called IPOXYN, a complex carbohydrate with an oxygen carrier protein of unique characteristics. In its initial phase, IPOXYN presents as a continuous intravenous drug for the prevention of necrosis, and event pending in many traumatic injuries and similarly, for possible treatment of ischemia with a possible target indication for assisting in the treatment of lower limb ischemic disorders often associated with diabetic neuropathies. The Company has been granted patents in the Ipoxyn and in the BTI-320 compound formulations.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has limited resources and primarily a CRO/CMO contracted operating history. For the last few years, BTI has been largely supported by its Asia development license holder, who is also a Director of the Company and a significant shareholder. The license holder has participated in the ongoing development of the Sugardown related technologies. As shown in the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $19.8 million and $297,000 cash on hand as of September 30, 2017. Management is currently seeking additional capital through private placements and public offerings of its common stock and more recently through corporate alliances and strategic merger opportunities. In addition, the Company may seek to raise additional capital through public or private debt or equity financings as well as collaboration activities in order to fund our operations. Management anticipates that the current cash available will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the first quarter of 2018. The future of the Company is dependent upon its ability to obtain continued financing and upon future profitable operations from the partnering and development for clarification of its new business opportunities. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in accomplishing its objectives. Without such additional capital, the Company may be required to cease operations.

 

These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event the Company cannot continue operations.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements for its year ended December 31, 2016 included in its Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 28, 2017. In the opinion of management, the statements contain all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments necessary in order to present fairly the financial position as of September 30, 2017 and the results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

 

The condensed balance sheet, as of December 31, 2016, was derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results disclosed in the statements of operations for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

7 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

1.           SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable is stated at the amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management establishes a reserve for doubtful accounts based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts. Balances that remain outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off against the allowance. There were no allowances for doubtful accounts as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory consists of raw materials, and finished goods of SUGARDOWN®. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market, not in excess of net realizable value. The Company adjusts the carrying value of its inventory for excess and obsolete inventory. The Company continues to monitor the valuation of its inventory.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company generates revenues from sales of SUGARDOWN®. Revenue is recognized when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists, the price is fixed and determinable, the product is shipped in accordance with the customers’ Free On Board (FOB) shipping point terms and collectability is reasonably assured. In practice, the Company has not experienced or granted significant returns of product. Shipping fees charged to customers are included in revenue and shipping costs are included in costs of sales.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Fair values determined by Level 1 inputs utilize observable data such as quoted prices in active markets. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize data points other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly. Fair values determined by Level 3 inputs utilize unobservable data points in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions. The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and notes payable. The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates fair value due to their short-term nature. The carrying value of the notes payable as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, evaluated using level 3 inputs defined above based on quoted market prices on rates available to the Company for debt with similar terms and maturities, approximates the fair value.

 

Convertible Instruments

 

U.S. GAAP requires companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria include circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument. An exception to this rule is when the host instrument is deemed to be conventional, as that term is described under applicable ASC 480-10.

 

When the Company has determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments, the Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. Debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the term of the related debt to their stated date of redemption.

 

8 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

1.            SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES - continued

 

Common Stock Purchase Warrants and Other Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company classifies as equity any contracts that (i) require physical settlement or net-share settlement or (ii) provide the Company with a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement) providing that such contracts are indexed to the Company’s own stock. The Company classifies as assets or liabilities any contracts that (i) require net-cash settlement (including a requirement to net cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the Company’s control) or (ii) gives the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement). The Company assesses classification of its common stock purchase warrants and other free standing derivatives at each reporting date to determine whether a change in classification between assets and liabilities is required.

 

The Company’s free standing derivatives consisted of warrants to purchase common stock that were issued in connection with the issuance of debt and of embedded conversion options with senior convertible debentures. The Company evaluated these derivatives to assess their proper classification in the balance sheet as of September 30, 2017 using the applicable classification criteria enumerated under ASC 815-Derivatives and Hedging. The Company determined that certain embedded conversion and/or exercise features do not contain fixed settlement provisions. The convertible debentures contain a conversion feature such that the Company could not ensure it would have adequate authorized shares to meet all possible conversion demands.

 

As such, the Company was required to record the debt and warrant derivatives which do not have fixed settlement provisions as liabilities and mark to market all such derivatives to fair value at the end of each reporting period.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Stock–based compensation, including grants of employee and non-employee stock options and modifications to existing stock options, is recognized in the income statement based on the estimated fair value of the awards. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of options granted and recognizes the compensation cost of share-based awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the award.

 

The determination of the fair value of share-based payment awards utilizing the Black-Scholes model is affected by the stock price and a number of assumptions, including expected volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. The Company has a limited history of market prices of the common stock, and as such volatility is estimated using historical volatilities over the prior three years. The expected life of the awards is estimated based on the simplified method. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on observed interest rates appropriate for the terms of our awards. The dividend yield assumption is based on history and expectation of paying no dividends. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Stock-based compensation expense is recognized in the financial statements on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on awards that are ultimately expected to vest.

 

The Company grants stock options to non-employee consultants from time to time in exchange for services performed for the Company. Equity instruments granted to non-employees are subject to periodic revaluation over their vesting terms. In general, the options vest over the contractual period of the respective consulting arrangement and, therefore, the Company revalues the options periodically and records additional compensation expense related to these options over the remaining vesting period.

 

Loss per Share

 

Basic net loss per share is computed based on the net loss for the period divided by the weighted average actual shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed based on the net loss for the period divided by the weighted average number of common shares and common equivalent shares outstanding during each period unless the effect of such common equivalent shares would be anti-dilutive. Common stock equivalents represent the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of certain outstanding stock options using the treasury stock method. The weighted average number of common shares for the nine month period ended September 30, 2017 does not include 64,624,013, and 12,094,000 and 39,404,669 for convertible notes payable and accrued interest, options and warrants, respectively, because of their anti-dilutive effect. The weighted average number of common shares for the three and nine month period ended September 30, 2016 did not include 54,495,233, 12,289,000 and 28,424,669 for convertible notes payable and accrued interest, options and warrants, respectively, because of their anti-dilutive effect.

 

9 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

Recent Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

There are various updates recently issued, most of which represented technical corrections to the accounting literature or application to specific industries and are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

2.           INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consist of material, labor and manufacturing overhead and are recorded at the lower of cost, using the weighted average cost method, or net realizable value.

 

The components of inventories at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, net of inventory reserves, were as follows:

 

   2017   2016 
 Raw materials  $32,781   $34,919 
 Finished goods   8,783    20,197 
   $41,564   $55,116 

 

The Company periodically reviews quantities of inventory on hand and compares these amounts to expected usage of each particular product or product line. The Company records, as a charge to cost of sales, any amounts required to reduce the carrying value to net realizable value.

 

3.           INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

The SUGARDOWN® technology and patent applications are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their useful lives of 14 years. Goodwill is not amortized, but is evaluated annually for impairment.

 

Intangible assets consist of the following at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016:

 

   2017   2016 
SUGARDOWN® technology and patent applications  $900,000   $900,000 
Less accumulated amortization   (444,643)   (396,429)
Intangible assets, net  $455,357   $503,571 

 

Amortization expense was $16,071 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016. Amortization expense was $48,214 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.

 

10 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

4.           FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the guidance of ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

ASC 820 describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value: 

Level 1 —quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2 —quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable

Level 3 —inputs that are unobservable based on an entity’s own assumptions, as there is little, if any, related market activity (for example, cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)

 

Financial liabilities as of September 30, 2017 measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

   September 30,
2017
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
                 
Derivative liability  $798,503   $   $   $798,503 
Warrant liability   1,474,139            1,474,139 
Total  $2,272,642   $   $   $2,272,642 

 

Financial liabilities as of December 31, 2016 measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

   December 31,
2016
   Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
                 
Derivative liability  $1,234,106   $   $   $1,234,106 
Warrant liability   1,093,765            1,093,765 
Total  $2,327,871   $   $   $2,327,871 

 

The Company determined that certain conversion/exercise option related to a convertible note and issued warrants did not have fixed settlement provisions and are deemed to be derivative financial instruments, since the conversion/exercise prices was subject to reset adjustment should the Company issue any option to acquire the Company’s common stock lower than the conversion /exercise price. Accordingly, the Company was required to record such conversion/exercise options as a liability and mark such derivative to fair value each reporting period. Such instrument was classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy.

 

11 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

4.            FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS – continued

 

The fair value of the conversion/exercise options were calculated using a binomial lattice formula with the following assumptions during the nine months ended September 30, 2017:

 

Conversion option:

 

   September 30, 
   2017 
Common Stock Closing Price  $ 0.05 to 0.07 
Conversion Price per Share  $ 0.075 to 0.10 
Conversion Shares     21,666,666 
Call Option Value     0.034 to 0.057 
Dividend Yield     0.00%
Volatility     208.8 to 214.3 %
Risk-free Interest Rate     1.03 to 1.47%
Term     0.87 to 2 years 

 

Exercise option:

 

   September 30, 
   2017 
Common Stock Closing Price  $ 0.05 to 0.07 
Conversion Price per Share  $ 0.10 to 0.15 
Conversion Shares     27,000,000 
Call Option Value     0.048 to 0.072 
Dividend Yield     0.00%
Volatility     208.8 to 214.3%
Risk-free Interest Rate     1.62 to 1.93%
Term     3.87 to 5 years 

 

The risk-free interest rate is the United States Treasury rate on the measurement date having a term equal to the remaining contractual life of the instrument. The volatility is a measure of the amount by which the Company’s share price has fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate. The dividend yield is 0% as the Company has not made any dividend payment and has no plans to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Level 3 liabilities are valued using unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the derivative liabilities. For fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, who reports to the Chief Executive Officer, determine its valuation policies and procedures.

 

The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of the Company’s Chief Financial Officer and are approved by the Chief Executive Officer.

 

Level 3 financial liabilities consist of the derivative liabilities for which there is no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.

 

12 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

4.           FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS – continued

 

Significant observable and unobservable inputs include stock price, exercise price, annual risk free rate, term, and expected volatility, and are classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy. An increase or decrease in volatility or interest free rate, in isolation, can significantly increase or decrease the fair value of the derivative liabilities. Changes in the values of the derivative liabilities are recorded as a component of other income (expense) on the Company’s condensed statements of operations.

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable input for the nine months ended September 30, 2017:

 

   Debt   Warrant 
   Derivative   Liability 
Balance, December 31, 2016  $1,234,106   $1,093,765 
Aggregate amount of derivative instruments issued   85,381    551,558 
Transferred in due to conversions   14,551     
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (535,535)   (171,184)
Balance, September 30, 2017  $798,503   $1,474,139 

 

The Company’s sequencing policy requires that the instruments prioritized based on issued options, warrants, preferred stock, convertible debt and other convertible instruments would be settled first. The sequencing policy also considers contingently issuable additional shares, such as the convertible notes; which have variable terms based upon the Company’s common stock price, to have an issuance date to coincide with the event giving rise to the additional shares. Using this sequencing policy, debt instruments convertible into common stock are derivative liabilities.

 

In accordance with the sequencing policy and based on ASC 815-10-15-74, stock warrants issued in connection with debt and other convertible securities are considered by the company as a derivative, as the put option underlying these warrants are “tainted” derivatives after considering the Company’s outstanding convertible notes and its sequencing policy.

 

5.           CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE

 

In August and September 2016, the Company issued senior convertible debentures for an aggregate of $1,600,000 (the “Convertible Debentures”) in exchange for an aggregate net cash proceeds of $1,327,300, net of financing costs. The Convertible Debentures have a stated interest rate of 6% per annum payable quarterly beginning June 30, 2017 and are due two years from the date of issuance, the latest due September 15, 2018 and are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at the option of the holder at a conversion price of $0.075 with certain anti-dilutive (reset) provisions and are subject to forced conversion if either i) the volume weighted average common stock price for each of any 10 consecutive trading days equals or exceeds $0.50, or (ii) the Company elects to lists a class of securities on a national securities exchange.

 

As long as the convertible notes remain outstanding, the Company is restricted from incurring any indebtedness or liens, except as permitted (as defined), amend its charter in any matter that materially effects rights of noteholders, repay or repurchase more than de minimis number of shares of common stock other than conversion or warrant shares, repay or repurchase all or any portion of any indebtedness or pay cash dividends.

 

In connection with the issuance of the Convertible Debentures, the Company issued an aggregate of 16,000,000 warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock at $0.10 per share, expiring five years from the date of issuance, the latest being September 15, 2021. These warrants contain a cashless exercise and certain anti-dilutive (reset) provisions.

 

The Company determined that certain conversion/exercise option related to a convertible note and issued warrants did not have fixed settlement provisions and are deemed to be derivative financial instruments due to price protection features present in the conversion/ exercise price that are not consistent with a fixed for fixed model.

 

The accounting treatment of derivative financial instruments requires that the Company record the fair value of the derivative as of the issuance date of the debenture and warrants and to re-measure the derivatives at fair value as of each subsequent reporting date.

 

13 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

  

5.            CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE – continued

 

The Company recognized the value attributable to the conversion feature of the convertible debenture and issued warrants of $2,203,336 and together with financing costs of $272,700 (aggregate of $2,476,036) as a discount against the notes up to $1,600,000 with the excess of $876,036 charged to interest during the three months ended September 30, 2016. The Company valued the conversion option and the warrants using the Binomial Lattice pricing model as described in Note 4. The debt discount is amortized over the note’s maturity period as interest expense.

 

On April 11, 2017, one investor converted his Convertible Debenture of $75,000 plus accrued interest of $2,873, into 1,038,301 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

On July 14, 2017, one investor converted his Convertible Debenture of $50,000 plus accrued interest of $2,482, into 711,755 shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company amortized $239,338 and $696,323, respectively debt discount to operations as interest expense.

 

Convertible notes payable consist of the following at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016:

 

   2017   2016 
Principal balance  $1,475,000   $1,600,000 
Debt discount   (375,065)   (1,031,183)
Deferred finance costs   (109,950)   (204,198)
Outstanding, net of debt discount  $989,985   $364,619 

 

6.           STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

The Company is authorized to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of its $0.001 par value preferred stock and up to 200,000,000 shares of its $0.001 par value common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company amended its certificate of incorporation to increase the number of common shares from 100,000,000 to 200,000,000. The amendment went into effect on September 7, 2013. On August 3, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors voted to approve an increase in authorized common stock shares outstanding from 200,000,000 shares to 750,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. This increase is subject to shareholder approval.

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

The Company has designated 150,000 shares of its preferred stock as Series A Preferred Stock. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock has a stated value of $10. The Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock by dividing the stated value by a conversion price of $0.10 per share. The Series A Preferred Stock shall have voting rights on an as converted basis (subject to limitations) and liquidation preference for each share of Series A Preferred Stock at an amount equal to the stated value per share. As of September 30, 2017, the Company has 45,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding.

 

On August 14, 2017, the Company entered into Securities Purchase Agreements with two accredited investors. In connection with these agreements, the Company issued 45,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and warrants to acquire 9,000,000 shares of common stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible, at any time at the option of the holder, into an aggregate of 4,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Warrants shall be exercisable for a period of five years at an exercise price of $0.15 per share.

 

The Company recognized the value attributable to the conversion feature of the issued warrants of $650,421 as a charge against additional paid in capital up to $450,000 with the excess of $200,421 charged to change in fair value of warrant liability during the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The Company valued the warrants using the Binomial Lattice pricing model as described in Note 4.

 

14 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

On April 11, 2017, the Company issued a total of 1,038,301 shares of its common stock in conjunction with the conversion of one of the 6% Convertible Debentures plus accrued interest (See Note 5). Of the total amount of shares issued, 1,000,000 were for the conversion of a Note for $75,000 and 38,301 shares were issued for the conversion of accrued interest of $2,873.

 

On July 14, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 666,667 shares to an investor upon conversion of a note payable held by the investor for $50,000. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.075.

 

On July 31, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 21,370 shares to a related party in lieu of cash for payment of accrued interest of $2,130. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.10.

 

On September 29, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 1,507,989 shares to investors in lieu of cash for payment of accrued interest of $79,169. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.0525.

 

Common Stock Warrants

 

The Company accounts for warrants as either equity instruments or liabilities depending on the specific terms of the warrant agreement. As of September 30, 2017, the Company had 39,404,669 warrants outstanding which are all classified as equity instruments and are fully exercisable as of September 30, 2017.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s common stock warrant activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2017:

 

    Warrants  

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

 
Outstanding as of December 31, 2016    28,424,669   $0.29 
  Granted    11,000,000    0.14 
  Exercised         
  Forfeited/cancelled    (20,000)   1.15 
Outstanding as of September 30, 2017    39,404,669   $0.25 

 

7.            STOCK OPTION PLAN AND STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company adopted a stock option plan entitled “The 2010 Stock Plan” (“2010 Plan”) under which the Company may grant options to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of common stock. On September 7, 2013, the 2010 plan was amended to increase the number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2010 Plan to 7,500,000. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were 250,000 and 250,000 options outstanding under the 2010 Plan, respectively.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company adopted a non-qualified stock option plan entitled “2011 Non-Qualified Stock Plan” (“2011 Plan”) under which the Company may grant options to purchase 2,100,000 shares of common stock. In December 2012, the 2011 Plan was amended to increase the number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2011 Plan to 12,000,000 shares. During the period ended March 31, 2013, the 2011 Plan was amended to increase the number of shares of common stock issuable under the 2011 Plan to 17,500,000. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, there were 11,844,000 and 12,039,000 options outstanding under the 2011 Plan, respectively.

 

Under the terms of the stock plans, the Board of Directors shall specify the exercise price and vesting period of each stock option on the grant date. Vesting of the options is typically one to four years and the options typically expire in five to ten years.

 

No stock options were granted in either nine month period ending September 30, 2017 or 2016.

 

The Company recognized $12,439 and $37,317 of stock-based compensation costs in the accompanying statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company recognized $225,877 of stock-based compensation costs in the accompanying statement of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. As of September 30, 2017, there was $194,878 of unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock option awards that is expected to be recognized in future periods.

 

15 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc. 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

7.STOCK OPTION PLAN AND STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION - continued

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2017:

 

    Shares    

Exercise Price per

Share

   

Weighted Average

Exercise Price per

Share 

 
Outstanding as of December 31, 2016     12,289,000     $ 0.10-1.21     $ 0.39  
Granted                  
Exercised                  
Options forfeited/cancelled     (195,000 )     0.10       0.10  
Outstanding as of September 30, 2017     12,094,000     $ 0.10-1.21     $ 0.39  

 

There were no stock option exercises during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 or September 30, 2016.

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options that are vested or expected to vest at September 30, 2017:

 

Vested or Expected to Vest     Exercisable Options  
            Weighted     Weighted                 Weighted     Weighted        
            Average     Average                 Average     Average        
            Exercise     Remaining     Aggregate     Number     Exercise     Remaining     Aggregate  
Exercise     Number of     Price Per     Contractual     Intrinsic     of     Price     Contractual     Intrinsic  
Price     Options     Share     Life (Years)     Value     Options     Per Share     Life (Years)     Value  
$ 0.10       1,600,000     $ 0.10       8.45     $       1,600,000     $ 0.10       8.45     $  
  0.18       934,000       0.18       5.75             934,000       0.18       5.75        
  0.20       2,150,000       0.20       4.16             2,150,000       0.20       4.16        
  0.37       58,000       0.37       4.92             58,000       0.37       4.92        
  0.40       2,000,000       0.40       3.92                   0.40       3.92        
  0.42       63,000       0.42       3.25             63,000       0.42       3.25        
  0.50       2,810,000       0.50       0.30             2,810,000       0.50       0.30        
  0.60       2,000,000       0.60       3.92                   0.60       3.92        
  0.69       100,000       0.69       6.50             100,000       0.69       6.50        
  1.21       379,000       1.21       6.28             379,000       1.21       6.28        
$ 0.10-1.21       12,094,000     $ 0.39       3.96     $       8,094,000     $ 0.39       3.96     $  

 

The weighted-average remaining contractual life for stock options exercisable at September 30, 2017 is 3.96 years. At September 30, 2017, the Company has 5,656,000 and 7,250,000 options available for grant under the 2011 Plan and 2010 Plan, respectively. There was $0 intrinsic value for fully vested, exercisable options at both September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. There were no options exercised in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 or September 30, 2016. No actual tax benefit was realized from stock option exercises during these periods.

 

As of September 30, 2017, 8,094,000 of the stock options issued by the Company are fully vested and 4,000,000 remain unvested.

 

8.RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Through December 31, 2011, a founder of the company and significant shareholder, Dr. David Platt advanced $257,820 to the Company to fund start-up costs and operations. Advances by Dr. Platt carry an interest rate of 6.5% and were due on June 29, 2013. On May 7, 2012, Dr. Platt and the Company’s former President and also a significant shareholder entered into promissory notes to advance to the Company an aggregate of $40,000. The notes accrue interest at 6.5% per year and were due June 30, 2013. The outstanding notes of $297,820 were amended each year to extend the maturity dates. Most recently, effective June 30, 2015, the outstanding notes for Dr. Platt were amended to extend the maturity dates to June 30, 2017. During the second and third quarters of 2017, the Company made principal payments totaling $16,288 against the shareholders notes, reducing the total balance of the outstanding notes to $281,532. As of September 30, 2017, the notes are in default and are classified as current liabilities.

 

16 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc.

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements 

For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

 

8.RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS - continued

 

On June 24, 2011, the Company entered into a definitive Licensing and Manufacturing Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Advance Pharmaceutical Company Ltd. (“Advance Pharmaceutical”), a Hong Kong-based privately-held company. Under terms of the Agreement, the Company manufactures and supplies product in bulk for Advance Pharmaceutical. Advance Pharmaceutical is responsible for the packaging, marketing and distribution of SUGARDOWN® in certain territories within Asia. Advance Pharmaceutical, through a wholly owned subsidiary, has purchased an aggregate 1,799,800 shares of the Company’s common stock in conjunction with the Company’s private placement offerings during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011. The shares were purchased on the same terms as the other participants acquiring shares in the respective offerings. Conroy Chi-Heng Cheng is a director of Advance Pharmaceutical and joined the Company’s Board in December 2013. No revenue was generated pursuant to the Agreement for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 or 2016.

 

In December 2013, the Board of Directors agreed to indemnify Dr. Platt for legal costs incurred in connection with an arbitration (now concluded) initiated before the American Arbitration Association by Galectin Therapeutics, Inc. (formerly named Pro-Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) for which Dr. Platt previously served as CEO and Chairman. Galectin sought to rescind or reform the Separation Agreement entered into with Dr. Platt upon his resignation from Galectin to remove a $1.0 million milestone payment which Dr. Platt asserted he was entitled to receive and to be repaid all separation benefits paid to Dr. Platt. The Company initially capped the amount for which it would indemnify Dr. Platt at $150,000 in December 2013 and Dr. Platt agreed to reimburse the indemnification amounts paid by the Company should he prevail in the arbitration. The Board decided to indemnify Dr. Platt after considering a number of factors, including the scope of the Company’s existing indemnification obligations to officers and directors and the potential impact of the arbitration on the Company. In May 2014, the Board approved a $50,000 increase in indemnification support, solely for the payment of outside legal expenses. The Company recorded a total of $182,697 in costs associated with Dr. Platt’s indemnification, of which $119,401 was expensed in the year ended December 31, 2013 and of which $63,296 was expensed in the year ended December 31, 2014. In July 2014, the arbitration was concluded in favor of Dr. Platt, confirming the effectiveness of the separation agreement and payment was made to Dr. Platt in July 2014.

 

On March 2, 2015, the Board of Directors voted to reduce the amount that Dr. Platt was required to reimburse the Company to $82,355 and to offset this amount against interest accrued in respect of the outstanding note payable to Dr. Platt. In addition, the Board determined that Dr. Platt would be charged interest related to the $182,697 indemnification payment since funds were received by Dr. Platt in July 2014. The Board of Directors concluded the foregoing constituted complete satisfaction of Dr. Platt’s indemnification by the Company. Accordingly, the Company has recorded the reduction in accrued interest through equity during the year ended December 31, 2015. As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, $34,337 and $35,542, respectively, of accrued interest in connection with the related party promissory notes, had been included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the accompanying balance sheet.

 

In June 2015, the Company received $200,000 of cash proceeds from CJY Holdings Limited, in connection with a potential future exercise of its warrant. On November 12, 2015, the Company entered into a modification of a previously issued warrant agreement to CJY. The Board approved the reduction in the common stock warrant exercise prices from $0.50 to $1.00 per share to $0.17 per share. In connection with the June 2015 proceeds of $200,000 previously received by the Company and the reduction in the warrant exercise price, the Board approved the issuance of 1,194,440 shares of Common Stock to CJY in connection with the modified warrant agreement. These shares were issued on December 5, 2016. Prior to their issuance, $200,000 was recorded in common stock subscribed.

 

During September 2015, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with CJY. Pursuant to this agreement, the Company issued to CJY a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $750,000. The Note was amended during the fourth quarter to $1,200,000 and was amended again in 2016 to $1,752,000. This Note provided necessary bridge financing to the Company prior to a financing of $1,600,000 completed in the third quarter of 2016. Interest accrues at the rate of 10% per annum and is due upon maturity of the note in August 2018. The Company may prepay this Note and any accrued interest at any time. At any time on, amounts outstanding under the CJY Note are convertible into the Company’s common stock, in whole or in part, at the option of the lender, at a conversion price of $0.05 per share. A beneficial conversion feature of $1,642,000 was calculated and capped at the value of the note pursuant to ASC 470 - 20. The Company recorded amortization of the beneficial conversion feature as interest expense in the amount of $153,466 and $460,399 during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company recorded amortization of the beneficial conversion feature as interest expense in the amount of $145,130 and $406,153 during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.

 

On April 26, 2017, Boston Therapeutics, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into Securities Purchase Agreement with CJY Holdings Limited (“CJY”) providing for the sale by the Company to CJY of 6% Subordinated Convertible Debenture in an amount of up to $1,000,000 (the “Debentures”). In addition to the Debentures, CJY will also receive stock purchase warrants (the “Warrants”) to acquire 500,000 shares of common stock of the Company for every $50,000 in Debentures purchased. The Warrants are exercisable for five years at an exercise price of $0.10 and may be exercised on a cashless basis. The Company may only use the proceeds for the payment of services or materials associated with clinical trials. The Company closed on $200,000 in financing and issued the related Debentures and Warrants under this agreement on April 26, 2017.

 

17 

 

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc. 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

For the Three and Six Months Ended September 30, 2017 and 2016

 

 

      

8.RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS - continued

 

The Debentures bear interest at 6% per annum and mature two years from issuance. CJY may elect to convert all or part of the Debentures, plus accrued interest, at any time into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.10 per share. Interest on the Debentures is payable in cash or shares of common stock at $0.10 per share quarterly commencing June 30, 2017. The conversion price is subject to adjustment for stock dividends and stock splits. In addition, if after the original issue date of the Debentures, either (i) the volume weighted average price equals or exceeds $0.50 for 10 consecutive trading days or (ii) the Company elects to list a class of securities on a national securities exchange, the Company may cause CJY to convert all or part of the then outstanding principal amount of the Debentures plus, accrued but unpaid interest, liquidated damages and other amounts owed.

 

CJY agreed to restrict its ability to convert the Debentures and exercise the Warrants and receive shares of common stock such that the number of shares of common stock held by CJY after such conversion or exercise does not exceed 4.99% of the then issued and outstanding shares of common stock.

 

A beneficial conversion feature of $186,939 was calculated and capped at the value of the note pursuant to ASC 470 - 20. The Company recorded amortization of the beneficial conversion feature as interest expense in the amount of $23,560 and $40,205 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. In connection with this borrowing, the Company also issued warrants to purchase 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.10 per share.

 

Convertible notes payable – related party consist of the following at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016:

 

      2017       2016  
Principal balance   $ 1,952,000     $ 1,752,000  
Debt discount     (683,863 )     (997,539 )
Outstanding, net of debt discount   $ 1,268,137     $ 754,461  

 

9.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Leases

 

The Company currently leases office space in Lawrence, MA under a month to month lease. Prior to this location, the Company leased office space in Newton MA under a lease that expired July 31, 2016. The Company has no further obligation under that lease. The Company recognized rent expense of $900 and $2,700 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company recognized rent expense of $3,900 and $14,700 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively.

 

There are no future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases as of September 30, 2017.

 

10.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions that occurred from October 1, 2017 through the date of filing, for possible disclosure and recognition in the financial statements. See discussed below material subsequent events that impact its financial statements or disclosures.

 

On October 4, 2017, the Company issued 500,000 shares to a vendor under a settlement agreement for investor relations services performed.

 

On October 6, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 10,000,000 shares to a related party investor upon conversion of a note payable held by the investor for $750,000 including accrued interest of approximately $150,000. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.05.

 

On October 24, 2017, the Company entered into Securities Purchase Agreements with an accredited investors. In connection with the agreement, the Company issued 10,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and warrants to acquire 2,000,000 shares of common stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible, at any time at the option of the holder, into an aggregate of 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Warrants shall be exercisable for a period of five years at an exercise price of $0.15 per share.

 

18 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis is based on, and should be read in conjunction with, the unaudited condensed financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q . This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements are often identified by the use of words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” or “continue,” and similar expressions or variations. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results and the timing of certain events to differ materially from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q represent our views as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments will cause our views to change. However, while we may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we have no current intention of doing so except to the extent required by applicable law. You should, therefore, not rely on these forward-looking statements as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the date of this Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Overview

 

Boston Therapeutics, Inc., headquartered in Lawrence, MA, (OTC: BTHE) is a leader in the field of complex carbohydrate chemistry. The Company’s initial product pipeline is focused on developing and commercializing therapeutic molecules for pre-diabetes, diabetes: BTI-320 is a non-systemic, non-toxic, therapeutic investigative material designed to reduce post-meal glucose immediate elevation, the new important finding for effecting diabetes sugar management, and IPOXYN, an injectable anti-necrosis drug specifically designed to treat hypoxia and possibly an adjunctive therapy for lower limb ischemia associated with diabetes complications. The Company has been granted patents in the Ipoxyn and in the BTI-320 compound formulations. In addition, the Company has completed development of SUGARDOWN®, a complex carbohydrate-based material regulated as a dietary supplement. SUGARDOWN® is currently in the initial stage of market introduction in the US, and in 2011, we entered into an agreement of licensing and development with Advance Pharmaceutical to develop markets in Hong Kong, China and Macau. In November 2014, we agreed to expand this marketing, manufacturing, and development agreement to include 12 additional countries: Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Brunei and Cambodia. In March 2015, we agreed to further expand the license holders authorized territories to include Japan. Recently they registered in the Philippines, and are pending a registration in Taiwan. A sales order has been received for Korea and we are awaiting the completion of the lot for shipment in November, 2017.

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has limited resources and operating history. As shown in the accompanying financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $19.8 million and $297,000 cash on hand as of September 30, 2017. Management is currently seeking additional capital through private placements and public offerings and or Corporate collaborations and mergers through the use of its common stock. In addition, the Company may seek to raise additional capital through public or private debt or equity financings in order to fund our operations. The Company has received ongoing funding through a fixed price convertible note from a related party and significant shareholder. Management anticipates that our cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the fourth quarter of 2017 as a result of this funding and cash management. The future of the Company is dependent upon its ability to obtain financing and upon future profitable operations from the development of its new business opportunities.

 

These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event the Company cannot continue operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 compared to September 30, 2016

 

Revenue

 

Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $4,400, a decrease of $7,295 as compared to revenue of $11,695 for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease is primarily related to the Company suspension of its US marketing programs to sell its Sugardown product during 2017. The Company is currently pursuing additional sales through the use of radio and social media advertising in specific targeted markets in the Northeast and Florida markets. The Company will consider other test markets and controlled sales of Sugardown via a few strategic outlets as further funding is secured.

 

Gross Margin

 

The Company generated a gross deficit for the three months ended September 30, 2017 of ($13,383) as compared to a gross deficit of ($5,538) for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease is primarily related to the decrease in revenues during the quarter that were not sufficient to cover the fixed costs for the quarter. In addition, we took a charge of $9,338 to write off excess quantities of our Sugardown product expected to expire in June 2018.

 

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Research and Development

 

Research and development expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $17,639, an increase of $1,568 as compared to $16,071 for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The Company has initiated clinical trials for its Sugardown product and its BTI320 investigative material in the U.S. and in China (Hong Kong), starting in the second and third quarter of 2017. Both trials are being funded by the Asian license holder who is also a Director and significant stockholder. The majority of the expense in both 2017 and 2016 is from non-cash amortization of the intangible assets.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales and marketing expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $3,301, a decrease of $19,404 as compared to $22,705 for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in 2017 is due to the Company suspending its selling and marketing program explorations. The Company is currently evaluating other opportunities and reviewing proposals to sell and market Sugardown and its sister registered products of the Asia registrations SugarBalance and SugarBlock. Beginning late in the third quarter of 2017, the Company is pursuing additional markets in the Northeast and Florida through the use of radio and social media advertising. The Company will consider other test markets and control sell Sugardown via a few strategic outlets. The 2016 expenses were related to advertising costs on radio and newspaper as well as consultant fees to assist with market development.

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $260,605, a decrease of $211,339 as compared to $471,944 for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The Company has no US based full time employees and is fully operated by contracted consultants for the functions of its operations in legal, regulatory, clinical, manufacturing and general office and administrative tasks. The decrease costs in 2017 are the result of lower non-cash stock compensation costs in 2017 of $212,000 which were the result of stock options issued the contract CEO upon his hiring in 2016. In addition, compensation costs of the contract CEO decreased in 2017 by approximately $40,000. This was caused by a sign on bonus paid the contract CEO upon his hiring in 2016. These saving were offset by increased professional fees of approximately $40,000.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 compared to September 30, 2016

 

Revenue

 

Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $14,092, a decrease of $26,191 as compared to revenue of $40,283 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease is primarily related to the Company suspension of its US marketing programs to sell its Sugardown product during the first quarter of 2017. The Company is currently pursuing additional sales through the use of radio and social media advertising in specific targeted markets in the Northeast and Florida markets. The Company will consider other test markets and controlled sales of Sugardown via a few strategic outlets.

 

Gross Margin

 

The Company generated a gross deficit for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 of ($19,783) as compared to a gross deficit of ($1,579) for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease is primarily related to the decrease in revenues during the quarter which were not sufficient to cover the fixed costs for the quarter. In addition, we took a charge of $9,338 to write off excess quantities of our Sugardown product expected to expire in June 2018.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $81,242, an increase of $23,470 as compared to $57,772 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The increase is attributed to the Company suspending nearly all if its research and development activities in 2016 and shifting them to the Asia licensed territory. The Company and its Asia license and development partner has begun clinical trials for its Sugardown product and its BTI320 investigative material in the U.S. and in China, Hong Kong, starting in the second and third quarter of 2017. The majority of the expense in 2017 is from non-cash amortization of the intangible assets and stability testing performed for the Sugardown product. The majority of the expense in 2016 is related to non-cash amortization of the intangible assets and part time consulting work.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales and marketing expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $17,606, a decrease of $76,613 as compared to $94,219 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease in 2017 is due to the Company suspending its US based selling and marketing programs in the first quarter. The Company, with its Asia license holder, is currently evaluating other opportunities and reviewing proposals to sell and market Sugardown and its sister registered products of the Asia registrations SugarBalance and SugarBlock. Beginning late in the third quarter of 2017, the Company is pursuing additional test markets in the Northeast and Florida through the use of radio and social media advertising. The Company will consider other test markets and controlled sales of Sugardown via a few strategic outlets as further funding is secured. The 2016 expenses related to advertising costs on radio and newspaper as well as consultant fees to assist with market development.

 

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General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $698,602, a decrease of $100,115 as compared to $798,717 for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The decrease costs in 2017 are the result of lower non-cash stock compensation costs in 2017 of $190,000 which were the result of stock options issued the contract CEO upon his hiring in 2016. This savings was offset by increased compensation costs of the contract CEO in 2017 by approximately $70,000. The contract CEO was hired in July 2016 so the nine months ended September 30, 2016 includes only 3 months of the contract CEO’s compensation costs as opposed to nine months in 2017. In addition, professional fees increased by approximately $20,000 for the nine months of 2017 as compared to 2016.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

As of September 30, 2017, we had cash of $296,907 and accounts payable and accrued expenses totaling $718,269. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company used $1,020,676 of cash in operations

 

We have incurred recurring operating losses since inception as we are generating a new platform to bring our SUGARDOWN® product to address the growing market of “excess free sugar” presented concerns. We will explore collaborative efforts in Asia alliance to develop BTI-320 and IPOXYN investigative materials. We expect such operating losses will continue until such time that we receive substantial revenues from SUGARDOWN® or we complete the regulatory and clinical development of BTI-320 or IPOXYN. Management is currently seeking additional capital through private placements and public offerings of its common stock and/or preferred stock. In addition, the Company may seek to raise additional capital through public or private debt or equity financings in order to fund our operations. Most recently, we have expanded our search of co-development beyond the Asian partnership. Management anticipates that our cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the first quarter of 2018 as a result of this funding and cash management. The future of the Company is dependent upon its ability to obtain financing and upon future profitable operations from the development of its new business opportunities, and the continued cost sharing and operation support from the Asia operations of the Alliance partner. There is no guarantee that we will be successful in these efforts.

 

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OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our investors.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

See Note 1 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 herein for a discussion of critical accounting policies.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, we are not required to provide the information requested by this item, as provided by Regulation S-K Item 305(e).

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Pursuant to Rules 13a-15(b) and 15-d-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), the Company carried out an evaluation, with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (“CEO/CFO”) of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. The term “disclosure controls and procedures”, as defined under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As disclosed in our annual report filing for the year ended December 31, 2016, there was a material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting due to the fact that the Company does not have an adequate process established to ensure appropriate levels of review of accounting and financial reporting matters, which resulted in our closing process not identifying all required adjustments and disclosures in a timely fashion. The Company’s CEO/CFO has identified control deficiencies regarding the lack of segregation of duties and the need for a stronger internal control environment. The small size of the Company’s accounting staff may prevent adequate controls in the future, such as segregation of duties, due to the cost/benefit of such remediation. Based upon the evaluation of the disclosure controls and procedures at the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s CEO/CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to a material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Through the use of external consultants and the review process, management believes that the financial statements and other information presented herewith are materially correct.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15f of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 that has materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Limitations on Internal Controls

 

In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 Item 1. Legal Proceedings
   
 

The Company may become involved in certain legal proceedings and claims which arise in the normal course of business. The Company is not aware of any outstanding or pending litigation.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors
   
  There have not been any material changes in the risk factors from those previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
   
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
   
 

On July 14, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 666,667 shares to an investor upon conversion of a note payable held by the investor for $50,000 including accrued interest of approximately $115. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.075.

 

On July 31, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 21,370 shares to a related party in lieu of cash for payment of accrued interest of $2,130. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.10.

 

On September 29, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 1,507,989 shares to investors in lieu of cash for payment of accrued interest of $79,169. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.0525.

 

On October 4, 2017, the Company issued 500,000 shares at a cost basis of $0.10 per share and a common stock purchase warrant to acquire 250,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.10 per share to a vendor under a settlement agreement for investor relations services performed.

 

On October 6, 2017, in accordance with the terms of a Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company issued 10,000,000 shares to a related party investor upon conversion of a note payable held by the investor for $750,000 including accrued interest of approximately $150,000. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.05. 

 

On August 14, 2017, the Company entered into Securities Purchase Agreements with two accredited investors (the “Preferred 2017 Financing”). In connection with the Preferred 2017 Financing, the Company issued 45,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and common stock purchase warrants to acquire 9,000,000 shares of common stock (the “Warrants”). On October 20, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an accredited investor as part of the Preferred 2017 Financing, pursuant to which the Company issued 10,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and Warrants to acquire 2,000,000 shares of common stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible, at any time at the option of the holder, into an aggregate of 5,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Warrants shall be exercisable for a period of five years at an exercise price of $0.15 per share. The investors have contractually agreed to restrict their ability to convert their securities and receive shares of the Company’s common stock such that the number of shares of the Company’s common stock held by it and its affiliates after such conversion does not exceed 4.99% of the Company’s then issued and outstanding shares of common stock.

 

The Company claims an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933 (the "Securities Act") for the private placement of these securities pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and/or Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act. The investors are accredited investors as defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act.

   
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
   
  None.
   
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
   
  Not Applicable.
   
Item 5. Other Information
   
  None.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No. 

  Title of Document
     
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive and Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14 and Rule 15d-14(a), promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended*
     
32.1   Certification pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 (Chief Executive and Financial Officer)**
     
101  

The following financial statements from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Boston Therapeutics, Inc. for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 formatted in XBRL: (i) Condensed Balance Sheets (unaudited), (ii) Condensed Statements of Operations (unaudited), (iii) Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited), and (iv) Notes to Condensed Financial Statements (unaudited), tagged as blocks of text.*

 

*Filed as an exhibit hereto.

 

**These certificates are furnished to, but shall not be deemed to be filed with, the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, there unto duly authorized.

 

  BOSTON THERAPEUTICS, INC.  
       
Date: November 13, 2017 By: /s/ Carl W. Rausch  
    Carl W. Rausch  
    Chief Executive Officer  

 

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