1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2014
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING PRACTICES||
Boston Therapeutics, Inc., headquartered in Manchester, NH, (OTC: BTHE) is a leader in the field of complex carbohydrate chemistry. The Company's initial product pipeline is focused on developing and commercializing therapeutic molecules for diabetes: BTI-320 (formerly PAZ320), a non-systemic, non-toxic, therapeutic compound designed to reduce post-meal glucose elevation; IPOXYN, a continuous intravenous drug for the prevention of necrosis and treatment of ischemia with an initial target indication of lower limb ischemia often associated with diabetes; and SUGARDOWN®, a non-systemic complex carbohydrate designed to moderate post-meal blood glucose.
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has limited resources and operating history. As shown in the accompanying financial statements, the Company has an accumulated deficit of approximately $10.1 million and $1.5 million cash on hand as of June 30, 2014. The Company raised $250,000 in gross proceeds in private placements during the six months ended June 30, 2014. The future of the Company is dependent upon its ability to obtain financing and upon future profitable operations from the development of its new business opportunities. Management plans to seek additional capital through private placements and public offerings of its common stock. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in accomplishing its objectives. Without such additional capital, the Company may be required to cease operations.
These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded assets, or the amounts of and classification of liabilities that might be necessary in the event the Company cannot continue in existence.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("US GAAP") for interim financial information and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's financial statements for its year ended December 31, 2013 included in its Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 14, 2014. In the opinion of management, the statements contain all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments necessary in order to present fairly the financial position as of June 30, 2014 and the results of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2014 and 2013.
The year-end balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The results disclosed in the statements of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounts receivable is stated at the amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management establishes a reserve for doubtful accounts based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts. Balances that remain outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off against the allowance. There were no allowances for doubtful accounts as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. At December 31, 2013, the Company had one customer that accounted for 100% of its accounts receivable. The Company believes there is minimal risk associated with this receivable. As of June 30, 2014, there was no outstanding accounts receivable.
Inventory consists of raw materials, work-in-process and finished goods of SUGARDOWN®. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market, not in excess of net realizable value. The Company adjusts the carrying value of its inventory for excess and obsolete inventory. The Company continues to monitor the valuation of its inventory.
The Company generates revenues from sales of SUGARDOWN®. Revenue is recognized when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists, the price is fixed and determinable, the product is shipped in accordance with the customers FOB shipping point terms and collectability is reasonably assured. In practice, the Company has not experienced or granted significant returns of product. Shipping fees charged to customers are included in revenue and shipping costs are included in costs of sales.
During the three months ended June 30, 2014, one customer accounted for 92% of the Companys revenue. There were no sales to this one customer during the three months ended June 30, 2013. During the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, one customer accounted for 96% and 81% of the Companys revenue, respectively.
Stockbased compensation, including grants of employee and non-employee stock options and modifications to existing stock options, is recognized in the income statement based on the estimated fair value of the awards. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of options granted and recognizes the compensation cost of share-based awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the award.
The determination of the fair value of share-based payment awards utilizing the Black-Scholes model is affected by the stock price and a number of assumptions, including expected volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. The Company has a limited history of market prices of the common stock as, and as such volatility is estimated using historical volatilities of similar public entities. The expected life of the awards is estimated based on the simplified method. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on observed interest rates appropriate for the terms of our awards. The dividend yield assumption is based on history and expectation of paying no dividends. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Stock-based compensation expense is recognized in the financial statements on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, based on awards that are ultimately expected to vest.
The Company grants stock options to non-employee consultants from time to time in exchange for services performed for the Company. Equity instruments granted to non-employees are subject to periodic revaluation over their vesting terms. In general, the options vest over the contractual period of the respective consulting arrangement and, therefore, the Company revalues the options periodically and records additional compensation expense related to these options over the remaining vesting period.
Loss per Share
Basic net loss per share is computed based on the net loss for the period divided by the weighted average actual shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed based on the net loss for the period divided by the weighted average number of common shares and common equivalent shares outstanding during each period unless the effect of such common equivalent shares would be anti-dilutive. Common stock equivalents represent the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of certain outstanding stock options using the treasury stock method. The weighted average number of common shares for both the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2014 did not include 6,754,620 and 12,391,669 options and warrants, respectively, because of their anti-dilutive effect. The weighted average number of common shares for both the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2013 did not include 8,921,400 and 1,898,400 options and warrants, respectively, because of their anti-dilutive effect.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU No 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition and requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective retrospectively for annual or interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early application not permitted. The company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef