Related Party Transactions
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|Related Party Transactions [Abstract]|
|RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS||
Through December 31, 2011, a founder of the company and significant shareholder, Dr. David Platt advanced $257,820 to the Company to fund start-up costs and operations. Advances by Dr. Platt carry an interest rate of 6.5% and were due on June 29, 2013. On May 7, 2012, Dr. Platt and the Company's former President and also a significant shareholder entered into promissory notes to advance to the Company an aggregate of $40,000. The notes accrue interest at 6.5% per year and were due June 30, 2013. The outstanding notes of $297,820 were amended each year to extend the maturity dates. Effective June 30, 2015, the outstanding notes for Dr. Platt were amended to extend the maturity dates to June 30, 2017. During 2017, the Company made principal payments totaling $20,000 to the former President of the Company, reducing the total balance of the outstanding notes to $277,820. As of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the remaining notes and accrued interest to Dr. Platt are in default and are classified as current liabilities.
On June 24, 2011, the Company entered into a definitive Licensing and Manufacturing Agreement (the "Agreement") with Advance Pharmaceutical Company Ltd. ("APC"), a Hong Kong-based privately-held company. Under terms of the Agreement, the Company manufactures and supplies product in bulk for APC. APC is responsible for the packaging, marketing and distribution of SUGARDOWN® in certain territories within Asia. In addition, APC is able to purchase the SUGARDOWN product directly from the US manufacturer and sell it within APC's distribution area. In these situations, the Company is entitled to royalty payments from APC of 10% of the total sales price paid upon shipment of the product. APC, through a wholly owned subsidiary, has purchased an aggregate 1,799,800 shares of the Company's common stock in conjunction with the Company's private placement offerings during the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011. The shares were purchased on the same terms as the other participants acquiring shares in the respective offerings. Conroy Chi-Heng Cheng is a director of APC and joined the Company's Board in December 2013. No revenue was generated pursuant to the Agreement for the years ended December 31, 2019 or 2018.
In December 2013, the Board of Directors agreed to indemnify Dr. Platt for legal costs incurred in connection with an arbitration (now concluded) initiated before the American Arbitration Association by Galectin Therapeutics, Inc. (formerly named Pro-Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) for which Dr. Platt previously served as CEO and Chairman. Galectin sought to rescind or reform the Separation Agreement entered into with Dr. Platt upon his resignation from Galectin to remove a $1.0 million milestone payment which Dr. Platt asserted he was entitled to receive and to be repaid all separation benefits paid to Dr. Platt. The Company initially capped the amount for which it would indemnify Dr. Platt at $150,000 in December 2013 and Dr. Platt agreed to reimburse the indemnification amounts paid by the Company should he prevail in the arbitration. The Board decided to indemnify Dr. Platt after considering a number of factors, including the scope of the Company's existing indemnification obligations to officers and directors and the potential impact of the arbitration on the Company. In May 2014, the Board approved a $50,000 increase in indemnification support, solely for the payment of outside legal expenses. The Company recorded a total of $182,697 in costs associated with Dr. Platt's indemnification, of which $119,401 was expensed in the year ended December 31, 2013 and of which $63,296 was expensed in the year ended December 31, 2014. In July 2014, the arbitration was concluded in favor of Dr. Platt, confirming the effectiveness of the separation agreement and payment was made to Dr. Platt in July 2014.
On March 2, 2015, the Board of Directors voted to reduce the amount that Dr. Platt was required to reimburse the Company to $82,355 and to offset this amount against interest accrued in respect of the outstanding note payable to Dr. Platt. In addition, the Board determined that Dr. Platt would be charged interest related to the $182,697 indemnification payment since funds were received by Dr. Platt in July 2014. The Board of Directors concluded the foregoing constituted complete satisfaction of Dr. Platt's indemnification by the Company. Accordingly, the Company recorded the reduction in accrued interest through equity during the year ended December 31, 2015. As of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $80,815 and $59,650, respectively, of accrued interest in connection with the related party promissory notes, had been included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the accompanying balance sheet.
During September 2015, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement with CJY. Pursuant to this agreement, the Company issued to CJY a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $750,000. The Note was amended during the fourth quarter of 2015 to $1,200,000. During 2016, the Note was amended to $1,752,000. This Note provided necessary bridge financing to the Company prior to a financing of $1,600,000 completed in the third quarter of 2016. Interest accrues at the rate of 10% per annum and is due upon maturity of the note in August 2018. The Company may prepay this Note and any accrued interest at any time. At any time amounts outstanding under the CJY Note are convertible into the Company's common stock, in whole or in part, at the option of the lender, at a conversion price of $0.05 per share. A beneficial conversion feature of $1,642,000 was calculated and capped at the value of the note pursuant to ASC 470 - 20. The Company recorded amortization of the beneficial conversion feature as interest expense in the amount of $0 and $261,656 during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
On October 6, 2017, in accordance with the terms of the Securities Purchase Agreement, CJY Holdings converted $500,000 of Notes in exchange for 10,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.05. Upon conversion, a loss on extinguishment of $15,354 was charged to additional paid in capital.
On October 16, 2017, CJY holdings converted an additional $50,000 of the Notes along with $150,000 of accrued interest into 4,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock. The cost basis for the shares issued was $0.05. Upon conversion, a loss on extinguishment of $155,459 was charged to additional paid in capital.
During August 2019, CJY Holdings agreed to extend the maturity of the Notes payable for one year through August 2020.
On April 26, 2017, Boston Therapeutics, Inc. (the "Company") entered into Securities Purchase Agreement with CJY Holdings Limited ("CJY") providing for the sale by the Company to CJY of 6% Subordinated Convertible Debenture in an amount of up to $1,000,000 (the "Debentures"). In addition to the Debentures, CJY will also receive stock purchase warrants (the "Warrants") to acquire 500,000 shares of common stock of the Company for every $50,000 in Debentures purchased. The Warrants are exercisable for five years at an exercise price of $0.10 and may be exercised on a cashless basis. The Company may only use the proceeds for the payment of services or materials associated with clinical trials. The Company closed on $200,000 in financing and issued the related Debentures and Warrants under this agreement on April 26, 2017.
The Debentures bear interest at 6% per annum and mature two years from issuance. CJY may elect to convert all or part of the Debentures, plus accrued interest, at any time into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.10 per share. Interest on the Debentures is payable in cash or shares of common stock at $0.10 per share quarterly commencing June 30, 2017. The conversion price is subject to adjustment for stock dividends and stock splits. In addition, if after the original issue date of the Debentures, either (i) the volume weighted average price equals or exceeds $0.50 for 10 consecutive trading days or (ii) the Company elects to list a class of securities on a national securities exchange, the Company may cause CJY to convert all or part of the then outstanding principal amount of the Debentures plus, accrued but unpaid interest, liquidated damages and other amounts owed.
CJY agreed to restrict its ability to convert the Debentures and exercise the Warrants and receive shares of common stock such that the number of shares of common stock held by CJY after such conversion or exercise does not exceed 4.99% of the then issued and outstanding shares of common stock.
A beneficial conversion feature of $186,939 was calculated and capped at the value of the note pursuant to ASC 470 - 20. The Company recorded amortization of the beneficial conversion feature as interest expense in the amount of $30,332 and $92,842 during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. In connection with this borrowing, the Company also issued warrants to purchase 2,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock at $0.10 per share.
Convertible notes payable – related party consist of the following at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:
On June 12, 2018, the Company issued a note payable for $100,000 to World Technology East II Limited ("WTE2"). WTE2 is a Hong Kong company owned equally by Carl W. Rausch, the Company's CEO and a director, and Conroy Chi-Heng Cheng, a director of the Company. The WTE2 Note is an unsecured obligation of the Company. Principal and interest under the WTE2 Note is due and payable June 12, 2019, however, in the event that the Company raises in excess of $1,000,000 in equity financing, then the Company will use part of its proceeds to pay off the WTE2 Note. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $174,500 with borrowings of $44,500 on October 4, $15,000 on November 5 and $15,000 on December 7. During the first quarter of 2019, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $224,500 with borrowings of $30,000 on January 17 and $20,000 on February 11. During the second quarter of 2019, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $324,500 with borrowings of $50,000 on April 4 and $50,000 on May 31. On July 31, 2019, the Company borrowed $50,000 increasing the total amount of notes payable to $374,500. On November 18, 2019, the Company borrowed $30,000 increasing the total amount of notes payable to $404,500 which remain outstanding at December 31, 2019. The notes payable are due on various dates through November 18, 2020 including $174,500 which came due on during 2019 and are currently in default. Interest accrues on the WTE2 Notes at the rate of 10.0% per annum. Accrued interest at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 totaled $37,516 and $6,843, respectively.
On September 26, 2018, the Company issued a note payable for $305,937 to CJY Holdings, Ltd ("CJY"). CJY is a Hong Kong company owned by Conroy Chi- Heng Cheng, a director of the Company. The CJY Note is an unsecured obligation of the Company. Principal and interest under the CJY Note is due and payable September 26, 2019. During the second quarter of 2019, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $595,081 with a borrowing of $289,144 on April 12. During the third quarter of 2019, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $947,108 with a borrowing of $157,671 on July 2 and $194,356 on July 31. During the third quarter of 2019, the Company increased the amount of the note payable to $1,266,108 with a borrowing of $319,000 on November 29. The notes are due on various dates through October 29, 2020, including the $305,937 note which was due on September 26, 2019 and is currently in default. Interest accrues on the CJY Note at the rate of 10% per annum. Accrued interest at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 totaled $80,546 and $7,984, respectively.
Included in accounts payable at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are amounts due shareholders, officers and directors of the Company in the amounts of $152,302 and $121,453, respectively.
Included in accrued expenses at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are amounts due shareholders, officers and directors of the Company in the amounts of $1,097,974 and $779,545, respectively.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef